My novel series, Scarlett & Aka, is a rethinking of Okinawa’s Legend of the Shi-sa. What is the original legend? There are a variety of versions.
Here is an article from Kanpai Japan, an online Japanese tour guide. Its version is as good as any that you can find with a Google search.
Shisa are a very common feature and distinctive trait of the culture of the Okinawa islands, and it is simply impossible to ignore them when staying on the islands.
This amusing part-lion animal is represented as a couple:
- A closed-mouth female supposed to keep in the good spirits;
- An open-mouthed male supposed to scare evil spirits away.
It is believed that Shisa were imported from China into the archipelago around the 15th century. Several stories recount the manner in which they arrived on the island with varying degrees of fantasy. The main one, however, seems to originate from Madanbashi, a village south of Naha.
According to this story, the villagers were regularly attacked by a giant dragon. One day, on the occasion of a visit from the king of the Ryukyu archipelago, one of the village priestesses noticed the Shisa figure (named Iri-nu) hanging from a necklace around his neck, which he had received from a Chinese diplomat in Shuri. As the monster was ready to attack, the priestess asked the king to hold up the necklace to the monster. There rose a thundering roar and the Shisa came to life, appealing to an enormous rock that fell from the sky and crushed the dragon’s tail. Unable to move, the dragon died and was later transformed into the Gana-Mui forest.
To this day, the inhabitants of Madanbashi continue to gather on the 15th of August to offer prayers and gifts (mainly fruits) to the Iri-nu statue, protector of the forest.
Shisa in modern culture
Shisa, also known as 獅子 shi-shi (“lion”) in the local language, are found everywhere in Okinawa. Because they are believed to provide protection, they often sit outside or on the roof of many buildings in the archipelago, including those of private houses, large stores, corporate buildings, hospitals and even schools.
Shisa also have cousins called 狛犬 koma-inu (“lion-dog”) which you can sometimes see outside temples all over Japan, especially around torii in Shinto shrines.
Nowadays, Shisa come in many different varieties and shapes. Although statues and their figurine reproductions are the most common type – for sale at inflated prices on neatly arranged store shelves – they are also available on objects of all kinds, and figure hugely on T-shirts.
Some Shisa are featured with one paw laid upon a golden sphere supposed to symbolize good fortune.
Pictured is my dog, Midori, who inspired Aka’s character, and one of our many shi-sa statues. She was a Labrador-Akita mix with deep empathy. I adopted her in Okinawa and often joked that she was actually an Okinawan shi-sa. If she sensed depression in someone, she wouldn’t leave their side. She was a powerful swimmer, and sometimes startled scuba divers when they surfaced offshore. She moved with me to the States, and back to Okinawa, and then to the States again to marry my husband. She died in 2015, before the first draft of Scarlett & Aka: Imprint was finished.